The Archaeology of Israelite Society in Iron Age II
Ludlum, Ruth, translator
Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 2012 pp. xviii + 328. $49.50
Description: Referring to several important introductory books written about the archaeology of the land of Israel, William Dever once stated: “However adequate these may be as introductions to the basic data, none makes any attempt to organize the data in terms of social structure. . . . This is a serious deficiency in Syro-Palestinian and biblical archaeology, when one considers that the general field of archaeology has been moving toward social archaeology for 20 years or more” (“Social Structure in Palestine in the Iron Age II Period on the Eve of Destruction,” in The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land [ed. T. E. Levy; London: Facts on File, 1995] 416). Lack of discussion of social questions has characterized the archaeology of the land of Israel for some time, even though around the world these questions constitute an important component of archaeological research. The Archaeology of Israelite Society in Iron Age II fills this gap and analyzes the structure of society in the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah from an archaeological viewpoint. It also applies models and theories from the field of social and cognitive archaeology, using the tools of various social-science disciplines (anthropology, sociology, economics, geography, and so on).
Because of his ability to use what is probably the largest archaeological data set in the world—hundreds of planned excavations, thousands of salvage excavations, and extensive surveys, all from the small region that was ancient Israel—Avi Faust contributes not only to the study of ancient Israelite society but to the most fundamental questions about ancient societies. These questions include the identification of socioeconomic stratification in the archaeological record, the study of family and community organization, the significance of pottery, small finds, and architecture as indicators of wealth, and more.This groundbreaking monograph is one of the first attempt at a large-scale study of Israelite society based primarily on the archaeological evidence.
Subjects: Methods, Historical Approaches, History, History of Israel, Archaeology
Review by Aren M. Maeir
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Citation: Aren M. Maeir, review of Avraham Faust, The Archaeology of Israelite Society in Iron Age II, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2013).
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