Entstehung des Judentums: Ein Paradigmenwechsel
Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2015 pp. xxii + 752. €174.00
Alter Orient und Altes Testament, 442
Description: This book brings together the fruits of Oswald Loretz’s research over a period spanning the last 30 years. In countless studies, Loretz has made clear that the mythological and hymnic-epic texts and the ritual texts of the priestly and scholarly libraries of Ugarit are more important for understanding the poetic structures of Old Testament literary texts than has generally been supposed. Loretz demonstrated this in his work on the Psalms, which argues convincingly that the text of numerous Psalms not only closely resembles the northwest-Syrian Ugaritic texts in terms of content and structure, but also that these groups of texts share a common literary basis. These findings led Loretz to the groundbreaking conclusion that both traditions – the literature of Northwest-Syria including Ugarit, and the Old Testament – were very closely related spiritually and linguistically, to the point that they are both expressions of a broader Levantine-Canaanite culture. Loretz attributed the unmistakable differences between these traditions primarily to the many centuries that divide their written expression and/or to particular developments in Palestine itself.
Subjects: Bible, Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Ancient Near East, Canaanite Literature, Literature, Methods, Historical Approaches, History, History of Religions
Review by Jordan M. Scheetz
Citation: Jordan M. Scheetz, review of Oswald Loretz, Entstehung des Judentums: Ein Paradigmenwechsel, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2018).
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