Sea Peoples of the Northern Levant?: Aegean Style Ceramic Evidence for the Sea Peoples from Tell Tayinat
Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2017 pp. xvi + 207. $69.14
Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant, 7
Description: Did an invasion of the Sea Peoples cause the collapse of the Late Bronze Age palace-based economies of the Levant, as well as of the Hittite Empire? Renewed excavations at Tell Tayinat in southeast Turkey are shedding new light on the critical transitional phase of the Late Bronze/Early Iron Age (ca. 1200Ė1000 B.C.), a period that in the Northern Levant has until recently been considered a ďDark Age,Ē due in large part to the few extant textual sources relating to its history. However, recently discovered epigraphic data from both the site and the surrounding region suggest the formation of an Early Iron Age kingdom that fused Hieroglyphic Luwian monumental script with a strong component of Aegeanizing cultural elements. The capital of this putative/erstwhile kingdom appears to have been located at Tell Tayinat in the Amuq Valley. More specifically, this formal stylistic analysis examines a distinctive painted pottery known as Late Helladic IIIC found at the site of Tayinat during several seasons of excavation. The assemblage includes examples of Aegean-style bowls, kraters, and amphorae bearing an array of distinctive decorative features. A key objective of the study distinguishes Aegean stylistic characteristics both in form and in painted motifs from those inspired by the indigenous culture. Drawing on a wide range of parallels from Philistia through the Levant, Anatolia, the Aegean Sea, the Greek Mainland, and Cyprus, this research begins to fill a longstanding lacuna in the Amuq Valley and attempts to correlate with major historical and cultural trends in the Northern Levant and beyond.
Subjects: Methods, Historical Approaches, History, Literary Approaches, Poetics
Review by Aren M. Maeir
Citation: Aren M. Maeir, review of Brian Janeway, Sea Peoples of the Northern Levant? Aegean Style Ceramic Evidence for the Sea Peoples from Tell Tayinat, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2018).
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