Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age
van Miert, Dirk, Henk Nellen, Piet Steenbakkers and Jetze Touber, editors
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017 pp. viii + 449. $110.00
Description: Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age explores the hypothesis that in the long seventeenth century humanist-inspired biblical criticism contributed significantly to the decline of ecclesiastical truth claims. Historiography pictures this era as one in which the dominant position of religion and church began to show signs of erosion under the influence of vehement debates on the sacrosanct status of the Bible. Until quite recently, this gradual but decisive shift has been attributed to the rise of the sciences, in particular astronomy and physics. This authoritative volume looks at biblical criticism as an innovative force and as the outcome of developments in philology that had started much earlier than scientific experimentalism or the New Philosophy. Scholars began to situate the Bible in its historical context. The contributors show that even in the hands of pious, orthodox scholars philological research not only failed to solve all the textual problems that had surfaced, but even brought to light countless new incongruities. This supplied those who sought to play down the authority of the Bible with ammunition. The conviction that God's Word had been preserved as a pure and sacred source gave way to an awareness of a complicated transmission in a plurality of divergent, ambiguous, historically determined, and heavily corrupted texts. This shift took place primarily in the Dutch Protestant world of the seventeenth century.
Subjects: Bible, Literature, Methods, Other Methods
Review by Jeffrey L. Morrow
Citation: Jeffrey L. Morrow, review of Dirk van Miert, Henk Nellen, Piet Steenbakkers, and Jetze Touber, eds., Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2020).
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