The Case for Proto-Mark: A Study in the Synoptic Problem
TŁbingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018 pp. xiv + 316. $201.00
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, 399
Description: The most common explanation for the material shared by Matthew and Luke (the double tradition) is that Matthew and Luke both used a source now lost, called Q. If we adopt the Q hypothesis to account for the double tradition, then what theory best accounts for the material that Matthew and Luke share with Mark? Three main theories have been proposed: Matthew and Luke used the Gospel of Mark as a source (the standard theory of Markan priority), Matthew and Luke used a revised version of Mark's gospel (the Deutero-Mark hypothesis), or all three evangelists used a source similar to, but earlier than, the Gospel of Mark (the Proto-Mark hypothesis). Delbert Burkett provides new data that calls into question the standard theory of Markan priority and the Deutero-Mark hypothesis. He offers the most comprehensive case to date for the Proto-Mark hypothesis, concluding that this theory best accounts for the Markan material.
Subjects: Bible, New Testament, Synoptic Gospels, Mark, Literature
Review by Austin Busch
Citation: Austin Busch, review of Delbert Burkett, The Case for Proto-Mark: A Study in the Synoptic Problem, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2019).
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