Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4–5
Lester, Olivia Stewart
Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018 pp. xiii + 239. $119.00
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament, 2/466
Description: Olivia Stewart Lester examines true and false prophecy at the intersections of interpretation, gender, and economics in Revelation, Sibylline Oracles 4–5, and contemporary ancient Mediterranean texts. With respect to gender, these texts construct a discourse of divine violence against prophets, in which masculine divine domination of both male and female prophets reinforces the authenticity of the prophetic message. Regarding economics, John and the Jewish sibyllists resist the economic actions of political groups around them, especially Rome, by imagining an alternate universe with a new prophetic economy. In this economy, God requires restitution from human beings, whose evil behavior incurs debt. The ongoing appeal of prophecy as a rhetorical strategy in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4–5, and the ongoing rivalries in which these texts engage, argue for prophecy's continuing significance in a larger ancient Mediterranean religious context.
Subjects: Bible, New Testament, Revelation, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Pseudepigrapha, Literature, Methods, Social-Scientific Approaches, Ideological Critique
Review by Jonathan Groce
Citation: Jonathan Groce, review of Olivia Stewart Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4–5, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2019).
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