Description: The Dead Sea Scrolls continue to shed ancient light on both the text and interpretation of the Hebrew Bible during the Second Temple period. Among the scrolls are several copies of Genesis dating from the first century BC to the mid-first century AD that contain portions of text from the creation account. These fragmentary copies have provided an unprecedented glimpse into the condition of the text in antiquity and have also provided a unique window into certain scribal practices in the copying of the text.
In addition, several texts from Qumran contain the most ancient surviving interpretations of the Genesis creation account, dating from the mid-second century BC to the first century AD. A literary analysis of these texts reveals how ancient Jews interpreted and employed the creation account. These diverse texts address issues such as the creation of various entities (the universe, angels, Eden, humanity), Adamís dominion and knowledge in Eden, Godís election of Israel on the first Sabbath, the prohibition in the garden and Adamís rebellion, and the Garden of Eden as an archetype of the sanctuary.
Subjects: Bible, Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, Pentateuch, Genesis, Literature, Methods, Historical Approaches, History, History of Judaism, Textual Criticism, Dead Sea Scrolls, Reception History
Review by Stephen Reed
Citation: Stephen Reed, review of Jeremy D. Lyon, The Genesis Creation Account in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2020).
Adobe Acrobat Reader
All RBL reviews are published in PDF format. To view these reviews, you must have downloaded and installed the FREE version of Adobe Acrobat Reader. If you do not have the Reader or you have an older version of the Reader, you can download the most recent version now.