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Review of Biblical Literature Blog

Le Paraclet dans le corpus johannique
Pastorelli, David

Berlin: de Gruyter, 2006 pp. xii + 343. €91.59

Series Information
Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche, 142

Description: The Greek term paraklêtos (“paraclete”) appears four times in the Gospel of John (Jn 14, 16.26; 15, 26; 16, 7) and once in the First Epistle (1 Jn 2, 1). In the Gospel, its meaning is enigmatic. After a status quaestionis, a detailed analysis of paraklêtos in ancient literature reveals two different degrees of lexicalization: a) an embryonic stage conveying the idea of movement associated with a mandate, to be found in the Gospel (common usage in the Greek language); b) the meaning of “intercesseur”, associated with a stereotyped triangular semantic structure, to be found in the Epistle (Jewish tradition). This term demands a moral qualification, supplied by the adjective “righteous” in 1 Jn and by the title “the Spirit of truth” in Jn; an evolution from the Epistle to the Gospel has taken place. The latter uses a term with a minimal semantic value to include it in the mission theme, by means of a recurrent prepositional strategy linked to the preverb para.

Subjects: Bible, New Testament, Johannine Literature, Literature

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Review by Jörg Frey
Published 9/15/2007
Citation: Jörg Frey, review of David Pastorelli, Le Paraclet dans le corpus johannique, Review of Biblical Literature [] (2007).

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