Click here to get the answers to the most commonly asked RBL questions.

Review of Biblical Literature Blog

Translating H/holy S/spirit: Four Models: Unitarian, Binitarian, Trinitarian, and Non-Sectarian
Kenney, Garrett†C.

Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2006 pp. xx + 83. $19.95

Description: Translating H/holy S/spirit examines the biblical concept of the "holy spirit." Twenty-five English translations are consulted revealing a high degree of ambiguity and inconsistency in translating this central concept. This is clearly evident in the apparent arbitrariness and inconsistency in capitalization. When "Spirit" is capitalized, it is generally assumed that a person is being referred to. This raises questions as to whether the Spirit is simply a personification of some attribute or activity of God, or whether Spirit may refer to a distinct hypostasis in the Godhead. When "spirit" appears in lowercase, it is generally assumed that an impersonal gift or enablement is intended. Translating H/holy S/spirit presents four models by which these difficulties are examined and clarified. Each model is defined, defended, and then deconstructed.

Subjects: Methods, Theological Approaches, Biblical Theology

Login to Read the Review(s)

You must be a member of SBL to read the review(s). In May 2019, SBL improved security of its main site with a new login procedure that requires an email address and a password, instead of an SBL member number. RBLís login procedure is now synched to SBLís. Please use your email address and SBL password to log in to RBL. Your use of this site indicates your acceptance of RBLís Terms of Use.

Email Address
SBL Password
 Forgot Your Password
 Join SBL or Renew Membership

Review by Tony Costa
Published 1/27/2008
Citation: Tony Costa, review of Garrett C. Kenney, Translating H/holy S/spirit: Four Models: Unitarian, Binitarian, Trinitarian, and Non-Sectarian, Review of Biblical Literature [] (2008).

Adobe Acrobat Reader
All RBL reviews are published in PDF format. To view these reviews, you must have downloaded and installed the FREE version of Adobe Acrobat Reader. If you do not have the Reader or you have an older version of the Reader, you can download the most recent version now.


Privacy PolicyTerms of UseContact Us