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Review of Biblical Literature Blog

Die Eucharistie ist Jesus: Anfšnge einer Theorie des Sakraments im koptischen Philippusevangelium (NHC 113)
Schmid, Herbert

Leiden: Brill, 2007 pp. xii + 547. $239.00

Series Information
Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae, 88


Description: Given the concept of salvation through knowledge in Valentinian Gnosis, which is basically anti-materialist, one would not expect concrete physical rituals to play a large role in its practice. The Nag Hammadi Gospel of Philip is widely recognized as a Valentinian text, yet it contains portions of a treatise on the value of baptism, anointing, and the eucharist. The text, which arguably comes from the end of the second century, presents the first developed theory and justification of these sacraments in Early Christianity. The present study reconstructs this theory from the fragmentary text and considers its consequences for the organization of the community. Thus, the book is also an attempt to address the problem of institutionalization in early Christian communities.

Subjects: Bible, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, New Testament Apocrypha, Gospels, Literature, The Gospel of Phillip

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Review by Riemer Roukema
Published 4/17/2010
Citation: Riemer Roukema, review of Herbert Schmid, Die Eucharistie ist Jesus: Anfšnge einer Theorie des Sakraments im koptischen Philippusevangelium (NHC 113), Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2010).


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