Reconstructing the First-Century Synagogue: A Critical Analysis of Current Research
Catto, Stephen K.
London: T&T Clark, 2007 pp. xxii + 226. $130.00
Library of New Testament Studies, 363
Description: The form and function of the ‘synagogue’ in the first century CE has been the focus of a great deal of recent scholarly discussion. A previous generation of scholars would have perceived a reference to a synagogue in a New Testament text as a monolithic institution with clearly defined functions principally involving worship. More recent scholarship has questioned many of these assumptions, pointing out that in the first century CE 'synagogue' should be understood as a reference to a gathering and not a building. Similarly, it is noted that many of the reconstructions of what happened in a ‘synagogue’ are built on evidence that dates to a period much later than the first century. The purpose of this work is to engage with primary material, both literary and archaeological, in order to assess the positions of current scholarship in the debate. It addresses the literary and archaeological evidence; the range of sacred activities that could have taken place within a first-century synagogue; and finally, the presentation of the ‘synagogue’ in Luke-Acts by means of case studies, to draw conclusions not only useful to NT studies in general, but also historical Jesus studies.
Subjects: Methods, Historical Approaches, History, History of Judaism
Review by Birger Olsson
Citation: Birger Olsson, review of Stephen K. Catto, Reconstructing the First-Century Synagogue: A Critical Analysis of Current Research, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2008).
Review by Jonathan Bernier
Citation: Jonathan Bernier, review of Stephen K. Catto, Reconstructing the First-Century Synagogue: A Critical Analysis of Current Research, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2008).
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