Markedness in Canaanite and Hebrew Verbs
Korchin, Paul D.
Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2008 pp. xiv + 368. $49.95
Harvard Semitic Studies, 58
Description: Semitic linguistics is arguably involved in its own version of a "maximalist versus minimalist" controversy with respect to verbal morphology. Dissent persists about whether and to what degree the Northwest Semitic verb paradigms underlying languages such as Biblical Hebrew and Amarna Canaanite (yaqtul, yaqtulu, yaqtula) are themselves determinative of tense-aspect-mood values, as opposed to extra-verbal structures ranging from syntax to discourse. To label a verb form as marked or unmarked for such values is to evoke a bountiful yet nebulous complex of theories about how language is built and employed. But Semitists have often unwittingly bleached markedness terms of their full historical and technical significance, reducing them to generic appellations that are invoked in sporadic and nearly random fashions. By applying markedness to Semitic morphology in a consistent and rigorous manner, this innovative book brings to bear a venerable linguistic construct upon a persistent philological crux, in order to achieve deeper clarity into the structures and workings of Canaanite and Hebrew verbs. Korchin's arguments hold relevance for translating and interpreting nearly every sentence in ancient texts such as the Hebrew Bible and the Amarna Letters.
Subjects: Methods, Linguistics, Hebrew
Review by John Lubbe
Citation: John Lubbe, review of Paul D. Korchin, Markedness in Canaanite and Hebrew Verbs, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2011).
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