Pauline Communities as 'Scholastic Communities': A Study of the Vocabulary of 'Teaching' in 1 Corinthians, 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus
Smith, Claire S.
Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2012 pp. xiv + 555. €94.00
Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2. Reihe, 335
Description: Edwin Judge’s description of early Christian communities as ‘scholastic communities’ provides the starting point of a search for a sociological description of the Christian communities portrayed in 1 Corinthians, 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. An original methodology uses a multi-layered exegetical approach to study every occurrence of the vocabulary of ‘teaching’ in the letters. The focus is on the activity of teaching (e.g., participants, method, manner, purpose, result, etc). The vocabulary represents ten semantic groupings, which shed further light on the place and practice of education in the communities ( core-teaching , speaking , traditioning , announcing , revealing , worshipping , commanding , correcting , remembering / imitation , and false teaching ). Claire S. Smith supports and develops Judge’s 1960 description, advancing on it by showing that the communities are better described as ‘learning communities’ with horizontal (human-human) and vertical (divine-human) dimensions.
Subjects: Bible, New Testament, Pauline Epistles, 1 Corinthians, Deutero-Pauline Epistles, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Literature, Methods, Linguistics, Greek
Review by Steve Walton
Citation: Steve Walton, review of Claire S. Smith, Pauline Communities as 'Scholastic Communities': A Study of the Vocabulary of 'Teaching' in 1 Corinthians, 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2014).
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